|dc.identifier.citation||Musthafa, A. (2018). Environmental impact assessment : proposed development of 10 storey apartment building with basement in M. Two Friends, Male'. Male': Maldives||en_US|
|dc.description.abstract||This report is based on the proposed 10 storey building construction with basement at the
residence, M. Two Friends in the capital city, Male‟. The project is being developed and
constructed by the proponent, Rasheed Carpentry and Construction Pvt. Ltd.
An Environmental Impact Assessment was necessary for the works outlined in this report as
they fall under „Jadhuvalu R‟ of the Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations 2012 of
the Maldives. Specifically, the inclusion of a basement comes under the Regulation. In
addition to meeting the regulatory requirements, the report would further assist the
proponent and important stakeholders to make decisions based on favourable environmental
conditions with the main focus on sustainability. The project also adheres to several other
rules and regulations in the Maldives and has obtained permit from the Ministry of Housing
and Infrastructure for the project to proceed.
The area the project is proposed to be undertaken is a moderately built area in the western
side of Male‟ in Maaveyo Magu. There is no natural terrestrial environment at site. The
existing environment therefore was focussed on the regional climate of Male‟, and the
traffic distribution, and noise pollution in the area. The project area does endures moderate
traffic relative to the general traffic conditions in Male‟. A general exterior overview of the
existing structures in the area was also observed. It was found that most of the buildings in
the area were old structures and maybe prone to some damages. However, serious structural
defects are expected to be at a minimum, especially considering the standard foundation
The overall environmental impacts of the project have been assessed using frameworks
found in literature. Since the development is undertaken in a moderately built area, the
results indicate that the proposed project has neutral impact. However, there are some
significant impacts on the environment during the construction phase of the project and
these needs to be mitigated to avoid any significant damage to the environment.
Significance of the impacts and mitigation measures have been provided based on previous
similar projects undertaken in the Maldivian environment and based on literature.
The main cause for concern regarding this project is the impact it will have on neighbours
residing in this area. As such, several short-term impacts are envisaged including air
pollution, noise pollution, aesthetic impacts, traffic issues and safety concerns. As there are
numerous high storey building projects being undertaken in Male‟, there is no particular
long term impact associated specific to this project, albeit an increase in cumulative
impacts. The main reason an EIA was required for the project was due to the basement
construction and associated impacts. These can be mitigated by restricting the type of storage materials in the area, implementing fire safety systems, and proper mechanical
ventilation and drainage. MNDF fire and rescue services require smoke vent sysms to be in
place in the basement. Furthermore, submersible pumps are proposed for the project as well
as general mechanical ventilation.
The other impacts that do occur can also be easily mitigated to minimise and/or completely
nullify them. Mitigation measure proposed includes creating awareness among the
construction staff and neighbours regarding the scope of the project. Other measures include
taking protective measures to ensure people residing and utilising the vicinity will not have
to endure the impacts during the construction stage. Foundation protection measures are
recommended and are provided as part of the project to prevent impact on neighbouring
structures in addition to a 1m offset from the adjacent building. Dewatering procedure will
also be undertaken with care, details of which are given in the report. Care should also be
taken to prevent any damage to the road and disruption to traffic during transport of
machinery, material and equipment.
Alternatives, including the no project option and alternatives for some project components
are also discussed. No project option is not viable at this stage of the project. Regarding
construction methodology, a few alternatives are recommended. Regarding the design, there
are recommendations to make the development greener. These include interior landscaping
to incorporate plants, use of green walls, use of LED lights, rooftop solar panels, etc. These
are general alternatives proposed for all similar projects.
An environmental monitoring program is provided at the end of the report, which provides
details on the parameters to monitor on site, and the frequency in which it needs to be done.
Estimated costs for the monitoring works are given. It is vital to have a building monitoring
and maintenance body in place and to engage them in the monitoring program as continuous
data can only be collected then. Implementation of the program is essential for the
sustainable development of the project.
In conclusion, it is discussed the impact such major housing projects have for the increasing
population density in Male‟, and how it can be prevented at a policy level. However, taking
this project as a standalone development project in an already heavily built island city, it can
be concluded that no significant long-term project specific impacts are predicted, none that
the island community is not yet enduring. The same conclusion had been derived for all
similar building construction projects in Male‟. Therefore, it is recommended that the
project go ahead as proposed with proposed precautions and mitigation measures as
provided under the published guidelines and recommended in this study.||en_US|
|dc.subject||Legislative regulatory consideration||en_US|
|dc.subject||Impacts and their significance||en_US|
|dc.title||Environmental impact assessment : proposed development of 10 storey apartment building with basement in M. Two Friends, Male'||en_US|
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