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|Title: ||Monitoring tourist pressure on whale shark (rhincodon typus) behaviour in South Ari MPA, Maldives|
|Other Titles: ||Dissertation for the degree of MSc in Marine Systems and Policies Felipe : monitoring tourist pressure on whale shark (Rhincodon typus) behaviour in South Ari MPA, Maldives|
|Authors: ||Leston, Felipe Alberto Lei|
|Issue Date: ||1-Aug-2016|
|Publisher: ||The University of Edinburgh|
|Citation: ||Leston, F. A .L. (2016). Monitoring tourist pressure on whale shark (rhincodon typus) behaviour in South Ari MPA, Maldives (Master thesis). School of GeoSciences : The University of Edinburgh|
|Abstract: ||Whale sharks, the largest fish and shark, occur throughout all tropical and warm temperate oceans.
They have been hunted traditionally for a number of years, and together with the estimation of a
declining population is considered by the IUCN as vulnerable.
Nowadays, fishing and finning of whale sharks are almost stopped, however, new challenges appear
with the increasing wildlife tourism activities, where people can swim with these gentle giants,
originating another potential negative impact on whale sharks.
The South Ari MPA in the Maldives, one of the few places with a year-round population of whale
sharks, does not have any formal management plan, only a Code of Conduct issued in 2009 when
the MPA was declared. However, the lack of any kind of enforcement in the area causes regulations
to be ignored.
By video analyzing each whale shark encounter in South Ari and record tourist and whale shark
behaviour underwater, results suggest a low tourist compliance to regulations. Therefore, whale
sharks are under a big anthropogenic pressure due to the unmanaged tourism activities.
Moreover, shark behaviour observed suggest that South Ari MPA could be a recovery area for whale
sharks after performing deep dives, and disturbing them during the recovery phase would have
detrimental effects on the population of whale sharks in the Maldives.
The results obtained and the different management measures recommended, have the potential to
improve our understanding of whale shark ecology and the management in South Ari MPA.|
|Appears in Collections:||އެމް.އެން.ޔޫގެ ދަސްވެނީން ފިޔަވައި އެހެނިހެން ދިވެހީންގެ ޑިޒަރޓޭޝަންތައް |
Dissertations by other Maldivians
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