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Title: Environmental impact assessment for the proposed rehabilitation of harbour Kurendhoo, Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives
Authors: Sandcays
Keywords: Harbor rehabilitation
Legislative and regulatory considerations
Existing coastal environment
Existing marine environment
Meteorological conditions
Construction impacts
Operational impacts
Mitigation measures
Environmental monitoring
Environmental impact assessments
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Citation: Sandcays. (2011). Environmental impact assessment for the proposed rehabilitation of harbour Kurendhoo, Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives. Male': Maldives
Abstract: This report addresses the environmental concerns of the proposed harbour rehabilitation in Kurendhoo, Lhaviyani Atoll. The primary objective of the project is to provide safe and adequate access to the island. As such the project encompasses maintenance dredging of existing entrance channel and basin, dredging of an additional 30m to the south with quaywall and a boat beaching area to the south. The replacement of existing quaywall and breakwater is also within the scope of the renovation works. The harbour is located on the northwest corner of the island, which is a natural sand accumulation area (thundi). As a result, the channel gets easily filled and the area behind it gets eroded. Therefore, there are location as well as design issues. Since changing the location would not be feasible now, it would be necessary to make adjustments to the design proposed for the renovation works in consultation with the community. Some senior members of the community have indicated that while the proposed extension of 30m to the south is plausible, it would be worth the while to extend a further 30m and then create the beaching area so that the existing Health Center in the area is not prone to the dust and noise from the boat repair works carried out in the boat beaching area which at present is just opposite the Health Center. The erosion on the northeast of the entrance channel is also a serious cause for concern and the community is desirous of some improvements to that area as part of the harbour renovation works. Therefore, it is also recommended to consider the possibility of placing the dredge material in this area while providing some form of coastal protection to the recreated shoreline. The proposed concept has not been discussed with the community so far. Therefore, community views that have been incorporated in this EIA report needs to be given consideration in finalising the design. However, the community has been waiting for the project for quite some time and the first elected Island Council is under a lot of pressure to initiate the works. Therefore, it is recommended to allow the project to proceed while the additional extension and coastal protection measures can be finalized in consultation with the relevant stakeholders during the construction phase. Taking this into consideration the environmental impacts have been assessed for the worst case scenario in which the Proponent takes into consideration all demands of the community and provide the final detailed design to the EPA in due course. The recommended alternative proposed in this EIA report has been based on informal community consultations held with some key members of the community including some of the nominated members of the Island Council. The overall environmental impacts of the project have been assessed using appropriate matrices and the results indicated that the proposed project has net positive impact. Given that the project has several socio-economic benefits although there would be some negative environmental impacts, it is recommended to allow the project to proceed as proposed.
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