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dc.contributor.authorCDE Consulting-
dc.identifier.citationCDE Consulting. (2016). Environment impact assessment for the development of 7,000 social housing units in Hulhumale’ phase II. Male': Maldivesen_US
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this document is to fulfil the requirements to get necessary environmental clearance from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to implement the proposed development of 7,000 social housing units in Hulhumale’ Phase II. The proponent of the project is China State Construction Engineering Corporation Limited (CSCEC). The project is designed to achieve the housing development goals of the Government and under the effort to develop Hulhumale’ into a youth village. The project forms part of an umbrella effort to establish 15,000 social housing units in Hulhumale’ Phase II. These housing units will be specifically targeted for families. This project will be among the first developments in Hulhumale’ Phase II. This project is also the first high rise residential building of more than 14- storeys in the Maldives. The project involves constructing 16 buildings over 7 plots. Each building will have 25-storeys and the total area allocated for the project is 35,604 sqm. Out of the 16 buildings, 10 buildings will have 16 apartments on every floor and the remaining 6 buildings will have 20 apartments on every floor. A total of 7,000 residential units will be developed. Each building will consist of two bedroom apartments units, parking space and waste collection point in the ground floor. The target population is estimated between 21,000 to 28,000 persons at 3 to 4 persons per apartment. The target population for these flats is low to low-middle income Maldivians. Each apartment will have an area of approximately 50.53 sqm and it consists of two bedrooms, living room and kitchen, two toilets and balcony. Parking space is design to accommodate two motorbikes per apartment. The building will be complete with outdoor fire hydrant systems, two escape stairs, fire elevators and fire alarm systems. All utilities during operation will be provided by state owned services. The proposed project covers: mobilisation, construction of worker’s accommodation blocks, excavation and dewatering, foundation and concrete works, mechanical and electrical works, exterior and electrical works.. The project is estimated to take 24 months to complete. The proposed designs and plans are also generally in conformance to the laws and regulations of the Maldives. Additional approvals are required for the following before commencement of project activities. They are detailed drawings approval from the HDC; dewatering application and approval before commencement of any dewatering activities; connections to sewer systems; water connections; power connections and approvals to use the building for housing and approval from civil aviation authority. The project will be implemented on the newly reclaimed area in Hulhumale’ Phase II located on the south eastern rim of North Male’ Atoll which has been developed as an extension of Hulhumale’ Phase I. The proposed housing development site is located towards the north eastern side in Phase II. Seven plots has been allocated for this project with a total area of 35,604 sq.m. The existing environment was assessed for the purpose of this EIA. Baseline assessments include groundwater and marine water quality assessments, soil profiling, noise measurements and marine assessment. The groundwater quality of the site was found to be good except with elevated levels of turbidity. Marine assessment showed mainly dead corals and white sand in the area. During construction stage, the project is expected to incur minimal impacts on the environment, as the area is a vacant land. Minor impacts are anticipated on groundwater and soil condition, marine water quality due to oil spillages and through disposal of residual water after dewatering. Impact on air quality and greenhouse gas emissions is anticipated to be moderate as a significant number of generators will be used. During operational stage, the proposed developments involve significant positive impacts on the socio-economic environment. These are associated with the increased supply of housing to those in need and reduce the level of congestion in Male’. This will also benefit the economically disadvantaged by providing easy access to affordable and improved housing units. The project will involve the settlement of a large number of populations, which will exert pressure on existing utility service centres, schools and hospitals. It is anticipated that the demand for parking space and traffic flow in Hulhumale’ will also increase following this development. Risk of fire and criminal activities are also anticipated negative impacts associated with this project Mitigation measures are recommended for potential significant impacts during operational and construction stage. It is recommended to design and develop the building with adequate measures for fire prevention and to ease evacuation during a fire. It is also recommended to establish a community police nearby the building to maintain peace in the area and develop a master transportation plan to cater the demand for parking space in the future. Alternative options were evaluated for the activities that are identified to have significant impacts on the project. These include the ‘No Project’ alternative, alternative dewatering outfall locations, alternative location, alternative use of the building and alternative location for concrete batching plant. Alternatives for height of the buildings were also assessed in the report. It has been recommended to follow the proposed plan for the development. However, location of batching plant will have to be changed as per requirements by HDC. Consultations were held with all relevant stakeholders including, EPA, Housing Development Cooperation, MWSC, STELCO, Civil Aviation Authority, Waste Management Corporation, National Disaster Management Centre, MNDF Fire and Rescue Service, Transport Authority, Maldives Police Service and Ministry of Environment and Energy. The regulatory authorities asked to follow the existing regulations and guidelines in the design and construction of buildings. Attempts to consult Ministry of Housing and Infrastructure have been unsuccessful. The ministry was unable to confirm a meeting before the submission of the EIA report. In addition, a general public survey was also conducted for this EIA to seek the views of the public towards the project. In general the public was very positive towards the project but some raised concerns over corruption and unfair allocation of plots during operation. The Environmental Management Plan (EMP) for this project is designed to produce a framework for anticipated impacts, including practicable and achievable performance requirements and systems for monitoring, reporting and implementing corrective actions. In addition, provide evidence of compliance to legislation, policies, guidelines and requirements of relevant authorities. Monitoring plan is designed to assess any changes to the physical environment as well as human environment. The total cost of mitigation and monitoring are estimated between USD 10,000 annually. The main conclusion of this report is to proceed with the project but after incorporating the mitigation measures proposed in this report. Safety during construction must be a priority.en_US
dc.subjectHousing projectsen_US
dc.subjectHousing unit constructionen_US
dc.subjectLegislative and regulatory considerationsen_US
dc.subjectExisting physical environmenten_US
dc.subjectExisting natural and biological environmenten_US
dc.subjectExisting socio-economic environmenten_US
dc.subjectConstructional impactsen_US
dc.subjectOperational impactsen_US
dc.subjectSocio-economic impactsen_US
dc.subjectMitigation measuresen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental management planen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental monitoring planen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental impact assessmentsen_US
dc.titleEnvironment impact assessment for the development of 7,000 social housing units in Hulhumale’ phase IIen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
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