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dc.contributor.authorJameel, Ahmed-
dc.identifier.citationJameel, A. (2013). Environmental impact assessment for the development of waste management centre at Gdh. Faresmathoda. Male': Maldivesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis report discusses the findings of a social and environmental impact study undertaken at the request of UNDP. This project is to construct of a waste management system and establishment of a waste collection system at GDh. Faresmathoda. The development of the waste management center includes clearance of the land which is allocated for the waste management center, construction of the boundary wall fence and construction of the waste management center. The waste management center will be constructed as such to receive sorted waste. The centre would process the greenwaste to make compost. The glass would be crushed and stored. The metal would be compacted and plastic would be shredded and stored at the centre. The waste collection system includes establishment of a 2 bin system at the households to collect wet and other waste that is generated from the households. A pickup truck would be used to collect the waste that is collected at the bins from the household and transport it to waste management center. Presently it is suggested that wet waste would be collected daily and other waste would be collected twice a week from the households. Solid Waste produced by the population of 1700 people in the island of Faresmathodaa is disposed around the coastline and other areas of the island. Waste is burnt in these multiple locations without segregation. The island lack a waste management system and awareness needed to adequately manage the waste generated in the Island. This is a socially-driven project to develop a waste management centre and a collection system at the island to address the current issue of waste disposal at the island. The project is being coordinated by UNDP and implemented by the island council. Environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the project were assessed. Construction phase will have the major, direct short-term impacts and some secondary long-term impacts on the environment. Removal of the coconut trees, clearance of the vegetation in the boundary of the project and levelling of the ground will have the most of the impact during the construction phase of the project. Dewatering would be required to lay the foundation of the boundary fence post as the water level at the project site is very shallow. However, it is not anticipated that large amount of water would need to dewatered. During the construction phase, construction waste would be generated. This waste needs to managed and disposed without causing much impact on the island’s environment. The socio-economic benefits of the project may be considered to outweigh the negative impacts of the project on the physical environment of the island. The proposed project conforms to prevalent environmental legislation and thrives to achieve its objectives in an environmentally friendly manner. Mitigation measures for the anticipated impacts have been identified and outlined in detail, including reduction of the impact of the vegetation clearance, dewatering and construction waste. These mitigation measures need to be followed in order to minimize environmental damage. The details of the project have been established after considering the needs and requirements of the community by assessing and incorporating the outcomes from the community consultations held during the data collection stage. The EIA also allowed to explore alternatives for the proposed development and identified key mitigation strategies. Alternative locations and alternative designs have been investigated for the different components of the project. However, the present project design seems to be a feasible option in terms of costs, durability and safety. An environmental management plan with environmental monitoring plan has been developed including important elements that require regular checks. This monitoring component will be adhered during the implementation of the project. Although the project involves inevitable negative environmental impacts, such impacts are not severe as to not undertake the project. The project is justifiable in light of the socioeconomic conditions and anticipated benefits resulting from the project, which seem to outweigh the negative environmental impacts.en_US
dc.subjectWaste management systemen_US
dc.subjectWaste collection systemen_US
dc.subjectLegislative and regulatory considerationsen_US
dc.subjectExisting environmenten_US
dc.subjectConstructional impactsen_US
dc.subjectOperational impactsen_US
dc.subjectSocio-economic and cultural impactsen_US
dc.subjectMitigation measuresen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental management and monitoringen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental impact assessmentsen_US
dc.titleEnvironmental impact assessment for the development of waste management centre at Gdh. Faresmathodaen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
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