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Title: Environmental impact assessment report for construction of 14 storey mix use building at STELCO compound, Male’
Authors: Land and Marine Environmental Resources Group
Keywords: Building construction
Multi-storey buildings
Existing environment
Existing social environment
Environmental impacts
Mitigation measures
Environmental monitoring
Environmental impact assessments
Issue Date: Nov-2016
Citation: Land and Marine Environmental Resources Group. (2016). Environmental impact assessment report for construction of 14 storey mix use building at STELCO compound, Male’. Male': Maldives
Abstract: 1.1 Background This report is an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the development of a 14 storey mix use building at State Electric Company Limited (STELCO) compound. The proponent of the proposed project is State Electric Company Limited (STELCO). 1.2 Project Detail The proposed project involves development of a mix use building in the compound of the current STELCO plot, right next to the current STELCO head office building in Male‟. The basement level and part of the ground level is dedicated to parking while the remaining area of the ground floor is allocated for the lobby, circulation and showroom. The first floor of the building is allocated for shops and the second and third floors are to be used as office spaces. The fourth and fifth floor are dedicated for use as convention halls and floors six to ten are to be used as offices. The floors eleven and twelve are allocated for residential apartments while the thirteenth floor has recreational areas such as aerobics/saloons/pool bar/café/pool and gymnasium. Finally, the fourteenth floor which is the terrace has a space allocated for the green roof while the lower roof has tanks for rainwater collection. As part of the construction works, ground improvement measures will be undertaken through micropiling work. 1.3 Key impacts, mitigation measures and alternatives 1.3.1 Key impacts Impacts on the environment from various activities of the project have been identified through interviews with the proponent, field data collection and surveys as well as based on past experience in similar construction projects. In any development project major direct impacts to the environment (either short-term or long-term) occur mainly during the construction phase. Potential direct or indirect impacts which are anticipated to arise due to the proposed works are as outlined below:  Ground water contamination/salinisation due to dewatering works. This is foreseen to be minor and short termed.  Social impacts due to groundwater shortage: impact is foreseen to be minor and short termed  Noise and air pollution during the construction works due to machinery and equipment; impact intensity will vary during different phases of the project  Vibration impacts during micropiling work  Impact on traffic due to road closure during foundation and floor slab casting periods: minor to moderate impact which is short termed and only during a few days of the project Operational phase of the project is not envisaged to have significant negative impacts. 1.3.2 Mitigation measures There are a number of actions that can be taken to minimize the identified impacts. Mitigation measures are selected to reduce or eliminate the severity of any predicted adverse environmental effects and improve the overall social and environmental performance of the project. Mitigation measures are mainly discussed for the construction stage since no significant operational impacts are envisaged in such projects apart from maintenance works. During the construction stage it is important to take measures to minimize dust spread, assess adjacent building condition during dewatering, excavation and micropiling works and monitor groundwater shortages. Dewatering should also be carried out as per outlined in the Dewatering Regulation which has been gazetted on 31st December 2013 and will come into effect from January 31st 2014. Detailed mitigation measures are outlined in Table 21 of the report. The report also highlights Grievance redress mechanisms in Section 10.1 of the report. While the operational stage is not envisaged to have significant negative impacts, it should be noted that the proponent has already identified certain measures to conserve energy, and minimize the impact on the environment due to various operational activities. These measures are identified in Section 5.10 of the report. 1.3.3 Alternatives Given the scope of the project and the utilization of typical construction methodology and foundation types, alternatives have only been considered for very few components including:  the method used for soil stabilization  discharge location of extracted ground water Additionally, a „no-project‟ scenario has also been considered, but not considered feasible due to the need for the project (increased office space and convention halls). Hence given that the impacts to the environment due to the project are mostly minor impacts, this option has been considered not feasible. Alternatives are discussed in Section 9 of the report. The Consultant concludes that the proposed project and methods identified are feasible and can be carried out with minimal impact on environment, especially through implementation of mitigtion measures identified in the report.
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