Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Environmental impact assessment for the proposed resort development Hudhufushi Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives
Authors: Sandcays
Keywords: Legislative and regulatory considerations
Project description
Project alternatives
Existing environment
Stakeholder consultations
Environmental impacts
Mitigation measures
Environmental monitoring
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Citation: Sandcays. (2013). Environmental impact assessment for the proposed resort development Hudhufushi Lhaviyani Atoll, Maldives. Male': Maldives
Abstract: This report addresses the environmental concerns of the proposed development of a resort on Hudhufushi, Lhaviyani Atoll. The island is about 0.5km2 in its size and is located on a shared reef system at the eastern side of Lhaviyani Atoll. The Proponent of the proposed development is RPI Pvt. Ltd., a company registered in the Maldives for the purpose of establishing Hudhufushi as a tourist resort. The Proponent proposes to develop a modern resort on Hudhufushi with 27 garden villas, 09 Suit villas, 30 Water villas and 134 Beach villas along with swimming pool, Dive Center, Water Sports Center, Sports Center with gymnasium, Wellness Center or Spa, a theatre, Kids Center with day care services, arrival and service jetties with mooring area or harbor, staff village with shops and different utilities including desalination plant, sewage treatment plant, waste management center and powerhouse. The proposed development will conform to all current environmental legislation including the Regulation on the Protection and Conservation of the Environment in the Tourism Industry. The main negative impact of the proposed development will be the impact of sedimentation on the areas of the housereef on the west where the proposed harbor and access channel will be developed and the impact of deforestation due to land clearance for proposed buildings. These impacts are inevitable. Yet, every effort will be made to minimize the impact and footprint of the impact. The impact of sedimentation on the reef will be minimized by undertaking the excavation at low tides and creating settlement basins as the dredging activity proceeds or by using silt screens. Due to the direction and strength of currents in the proposed jetty and mooring area, the consultants recommend moving the jetty to an alternative location on western side of the island. To minimize the impact of deforestation, buildings will be designed around mature trees minimizing their removal. If a mature tree were to be removed, they will be carefully uprooted and transplanted elsewhere. Impact of water villas is considered to be minor negative given that they are in the lagoon and at a considerable distance from the housereef. To minimize this impact on longshore sediment transport, the walkways of water villas will stand on piles with their footings buried in the seabed. The impact of sedimentation will be minimized by taking care to move the water villas as far away from the live reef areas as possible and transplanting any live corals that may be directly impacted. Care will also be taken to minimize sedimentation on the reef when placing water villa footings and columns. Precast footings and columns will be used and excavator movements shall be minimized. Excavator is preferably moved on barge to minimize sedimentation and if high bed excavators were to be used, they shall move as far from coral reef flat areas as possible. This impact of sedimentation will be short-lived given that tidal and wind-driven currents would normally carry the sediments away from the reef at all tides and monsoons. It is vital, therefore, to monitor the condition of the reef prior to the start of works, during the works and after the works to establish the true nature of the impact. The other environmental impacts of the proposed development include solid waste management, water supply, sewage disposal and energy generation. Solid waste will be generated both during the constructional and operational phase of the resort. Constructional waste will be disposed of by the contractor, to Thilafushi if a regional landfill or waste management site does not exist. During the operational phase, a waste management center established on the island will segregate waste and dispose of them in a manner prescribed in tourism regulations. It is during the construction stage that the waste is often not managed properly and waste ends up in the environment. Therefore, it is vital that waste management procedures are in place during construction phase to ensure waste is appropriately dealt with. Supervision and awareness of construction workforce is highly recommended. Desalination, sewage treatment and power generation are fuel-dependent processes and fuel efficient desalination technology, STPs and, especially, generator sets will be installed in the island. Gravity sewers will deliver the sewage and only a single pumping station will be used. Treated effluent with low levels of BOD (less than 20mg/l) will be disposed to the sea at not less than 10m below MSL and 5m away from the reef edge. Therefore, the impact from sewage disposal will be almost negligible. In fact, the daily peak flows is quite small that the proposed sea outfall would provide over 500-fold dilution to the sewage effluent even if it were raw sewage, which would occur only in the unlikely event that the sewage treatment plant fails. Hence, no further mitigation measures have been considered for sewage disposal and treatment. Environmental monitoring has also been incorporated into the project. Arrangements for monitoring during constructional and operational phase will be considered immediately upon EIA approval. Monitoring will be undertaken according to the monitoring programme recommended in this report. Recommended monitoring for the project includes the monitoring of shoreline at predetermined and bench-marked tide level, beach profiles and drogues at locations given in the EIA report, marine water quality at the location of the intake, brine discharge, sea outfall and a control location, groundwater at a location close to the powerhouse and desalination plant and a control location and quality of product water at 3 specified locations including product water tank. In addition, water, energy, fuel and waste production/usage statistics will have to be collected. Annual monitoring reports have to be submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency over the monitoring period and shall include fuel and water consumption data and greenhouse gas emission calculations. The overall environmental impacts of the project have been assessed using appropriate matrices and the results indicated that the proposed project has net positive impact. Given that the project has major socio-economic benefits although there would be some negative environmental impacts, it is recommended to allow the project to proceed as proposed with recommended mitigation measures in place. One of the important mitigation measures or development options identified during the consultative meetings is to declare the coastal inlet as a protected area while providing the Proponent adequate compensation. This has been agreed in principle between the Proponent and EPA and further discussions are underway.
Appears in Collections:ތިމާވެށި
Environment A

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Hudhufushi Resort development EIA_FINAL.pdf20.54 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in Saruna are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.