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|Title: ||Environmental impact assessment for the construction of the harbour in Magoodhoo, Faafu Atoll, Maldives|
|Authors: ||Water Solutions|
|Keywords: ||Applicable policies, laws and regulation|
Selection of the preferred alternatives
Environmental management and monitoring
|Issue Date: ||Jul-2014|
|Citation: ||Water Solutions. (2014). Environmental impact assessment for the construction of the harbour in Magoodhoo, Faafu Atoll, Maldives. Male': Maldives|
|Abstract: ||This report discusses the findings of environmental impact study undertaken by Water
Solutions Pvt. Ltd. upon request from Ministry of Housing and Infrastructure for the
proposed harbour development project in F. Magoodhoo.
F. Magoodhoo is located on the southern rim of Faafu atoll and has a population of
781. Majority of the island community depend on fishing as their main economic activity.
Until now, the island has no modern harbour facility and is one of the most crucial issues
faced by the island community. This project is initiated by the government of Maldives as
part of its national programme to provide safe harbour to each and every inhabited island of
Maldives. Presently, lack of a harbour is an obstacle for the economic expansion and
diversification of the island.
Lack of a harbour in Magoodhoo has many developmental obstacles for the island. At
present the only way to access the island is by means of a damaged jetty on the north side of
the island. For mooring the vessels, fisherman and other vessel owners use deep lagoons
within the island reef system. In rough weather, getting in out of the island is almost
impossible. Some of the vessels have to go to a nearby harbour for mooring in unfavourable
weathers. This is the dilemma the islanders have faced until now.
The construction of the harbour includes the following:
Construction of a quay wall on inner side and both ends of the harbour using Tshaped
Deepening the harbour basin to 3 meters at mean sea level.
Dredging of the harbour basin which is 506 feet long and 214 feet wide.
Construction of 689 feet long breakwater with rock boulders.
Reclamation of the area between the harbour and shoreline by using dredged
material from the harbour basin.
Dredging of an access channel to a depth of 3 meters at Mean Sea Level (MSL).
The dredging work for the project is expected to generate around 33,239 m3 of
dredged material. The dredged material will be used for reclamation purpose. A 22 m long
revetment would be constructed on east side of both ends of the harbour to protect the
reclaimed area from erosion. This project will be followed by a reclamation project
proposed by the island council (scope of which is not covered in this EIA).
The proposed project is therefore geared towards developing a third generation
harbour on the north side of the island with an entrance channel and breakwaters to protect
the harbour basin. Since, the harbour is proposed to be constructed on the lagoon, the area between the harbour and island shoreline will be reclaimed using the dredged material from
The harbour is expected to ease many of the challenges faced by the islanders,
especially for the vessel owners, as safe mooring will be guaranteed. A detail environmental
assessment was undertaken for this project and the findings are reported in this EIA. This
EIA has been prepared to assess the social and environmental impacts of this proposed
As this is a completely new development, significant negative impacts on the island
marine environment will be felt through permanent habitat modification and direct
destruction of the marine environment. Similarly, the coral reef will be directly and
indirectly impacted for this project. As the same time, the socio-economic impacts of this
project will be significantly felt on a very large scale and not necessarily for the islanders
In such projects, environmental damage cannot be avoided and hence the goal should
be to undertake the works in the most least damaging manner. As a large area of the marine
and coastal environment will be affected, careful implementation of the mitigation measures
and adopting methods which minimizes the damage will be the key for this project. Most of
these measures are the best practice guidelines and protocols that does not require sting
financially to implement.
Stakeholder consultations were held with various groups including island council and
the client in order to incorporate the socio-economic components in the project.
Stakeholders, most importantly the island community representatives were the most
significant as they have the maximum knowledge and experience from the daily difficulties
faced due to lack of a harbour.
The development of the harbour in Magoodhoo will have significant environmental
impacts to the island, most of which will be felt on the coastal and the marine environment.
The project takes place in an environment that has not been modified or damaged
previously. However, natural erosion of the island has been affected to the southern area of
the island. The biggest threat to the islands when a harbour is developed is the disruption it
causes to natural movement of the beach. Social impacts of this project will be significant
and will benefit the community as well as the region. The development of a harbour in
Magoodhoo is expected to bring many beneficiaries to island community.
Although the project involves inevitable negative impacts, the project is justifiable in
light of the socio-economic conditions and anticipated benefits resulting from this project.
Therefore, it is justifiable to undertake the project.|
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