|Abstract: ||This report is based on the proposed 11 storey building construction at the residence, Ma.
Andhalus in the capital city, Male‟. The project is being developed and constructed by
FEDO Pvt. Ltd. They are to undertake the construction works and project management
including overseeing the EIA process.
An Environmental Impact Assessment was necessary for the works outlined in this report as
they fall under „Jadhuvalu R‟ of the Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations 2012 of
the Maldives. In addition to meeting the regulatory requirements, the report would further
assist the proponent and important stakeholders to make decisions based on favourable
environmental conditions with the main focus on sustainability. The project also adheres to
several other rules and regulations in the Maldives and has obtained permit from the
Ministry of Housing and Infrastructure to proceed.
The area the project is proposed to be undertaken is a moderately built area in the heart of
Male‟, more towards the southern side. There is no natural terrestrial environment at site,
The existing environment therefore was focussed on the regional climate of Male‟, and the
traffic distribution, and noise pollution in the area. As could be seen from the data, this area
does not encourage much traffic relative to the busier roads in Male‟. There were several
existing construction sites in the neighbourhood. A general exterior overview of the existing
structures in the area was also observed. It was found that most of the buildings in the area
were in good condition. Older buildings were mostly single storey structures. Therefore,
serious structural defects are expected to be at a minimum. However, the report
recommends to undertake a structural defects inspection study of the buildings in the same
block as the proposed site by civil engineering experts.
The overall environmental impacts of the project have been assessed using frameworks
found in literature. Since the development is undertaken in a moderately built area, the
results indicate that the proposed project has neutral impact. However, there are some
significant impacts on the environment during the construction phase of the project and
these needs to be mitigated to avoid any significant damage to the environment.
Significance of the impacts and mitigation measures have been provided based on previous
similar projects undertaken in the Maldivian environment and based on literature.
The main cause for concern regarding this project is the impact it will have on neighbours
residing in this area. As such, several short-term impacts are envisaged including air
pollution, noise pollution, aesthetic impacts, and safety concerns. As there are numerous
high storey building projects being undertaken in Male‟, there is no particular long term
impact associated with this project. One significant impact specific to this project is the
cumulative impact on the neighbourhood due to the sheer no. of construction projects that
are simultaneously undertaken in the area. The impacts that do occur however can be easily
mitigated to minimise and/or completely nullify them. The first mitigation measure
proposed includes creating awareness among the construction staff and neighbours
regarding the scope of the project. Other measures include properly demarcating the area,
putting up dust screens, and taking other protective measures to ensure people residing and
utilising the vicinity will not have to endure the impacts during the construction stage.
Foundation protection measures are recommended and are provided as part of the project to
prevent impact on neighbouring structures. Dewatering procedure also needs to be
undertaken with care, details of which are given in the report. During the operation stage of
the project, parking and waste management are issues of note.
Alternatives, including the no project option and alternatives for some project components
are also discussed. Regarding project design, a few alternatives are recommended such as
providing a green area at the terrace, while the pros and cons of making a larger parking
area is also discussed.
An environmental monitoring program is provided at the end of the report, which provides
details on the parameters to monitor on site, and the frequency in which it needs to be done.
Estimated costs for the monitoring works are given. Implementation of the program is
essential for the sustainable development of the project.
In conclusion, it is discussed the impact such major housing projects have for the increasing
population density in Male‟, and how it can be prevented at a policy level. However, taking
this project as a standalone development project in an already heavily built island city, it can
be concluded that no significant long-term impacts are predicted. Therefore, it is
recommended that the project go ahead as proposed with precautions and mitigation
measures in place.|