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|Title: ||Enviornmental impact assessment for island access and jetty construction project in Fehendhoo, Baa. Atoll|
|Authors: ||މަހްމޫދު ރިޔާޒް|
މުޙައްމަދު ޝިހާމް އާދަމް
Adam, Mohamed Shiham
|Issue Date: ||Jul-2017|
|Citation: ||Riyaz, M. & Adam, M. S. (2017). Enviornmental impact assessment for island access and jetty construction project in Fehendhoo, Baa. Atoll. Male': Maldives|
|Abstract: ||1. The proponent of B. Fehendhoo Island access and Jetty development project is the Ministry of
Housing and Infrastructure (MHI). The Ministry is the government’s responsible body for the
development and regulate the housing and infrastructure of the country. Maldives Road
Development Cooperation (MRDC) has been contracted to undertake the jetty and access
channel construction work in B. Fehendhoo.
2. Two freelance EIA consultants has been contracted through public bidding process to provide
preparation services of an Environmental Impact Study (EIA) by (MHI) for the jetty and
access channel construction work project in B. Fehendhoo Island.
3. The assessment addresses specific key issues stated in the Terms of Reference (ToR) as
agreed between EPA and the Proponent following the scoping meeting held on the matter.
4. The island community constructed a Jetty and an access channel in B. Fehendhoo in early
2010 on the northern side of the island. They have always been using the northern side to
access the island. Access from the southern side is extremely rough and far from the
remaining islands in B. Atoll. Even though an access channel through the reef flat has been
developed, island access issue has never been solved as the lagoon on the northern side is
very shallow covered with thick seagrass which is exposed at low tide also the approach
channel exposed to strong swells particularly during the onset of SW Monsoon. Due to this,
boats and Dhonies that carry goods and people (island and atoll ferries) don’t access
Fehendhoo directly. They usually dock at the harbour in Goidhoo, then people and goods are
transported to Fehendhoo is small Dinghy’s through the manually deepened pathways in the
5. The need for an access for the island has been recognised by the government and decided to
develop a jetty and cut an access channel on the northern side to provide safe access for the
vessels operating to and from B. Fehendhoo Island.
6. The study investigates impacts associated with the channel dredging and jetty construction of
B. Fehendhoo and areas for disposal of dredged material. The proposed access channel will
have a width of 24m and a length of 417m and the entrance channel which will be cut through
the reef into the ocean ward will lead to a small rectangular shaped dredged area (harbour
basin ) 40m wide and 40m long, for vessel turning and temporary mooring purposes. The
proposed mooring basin and the access channel will be dredged to maintain an average depth
of -3m with respect to the MSL. A total of approximately 28280m3 of dredged material is
expected to be produced. This material will be used for jetty backfill and the excess will be
used for the nourishment of the beach on the northern coast of the island which at present is
undergoing severe erosion.
7. Main focus this reports is to document the general baseline condition surrounding island and
particularly the proposed area for channel dredging and jetty construction. The following
studies have been carried out as part of this assessment.
a. Assessment of the marine and coastal species and habitats in surrounding impact
b. Coastal beach profiles to set baseline conditions of coastal processes.
EIA for B. Fehendhoo island access & Jetty Project | Ministry of Housing and Infrastructure | July 2017 Page 13 of 76
c. Wave and shoreline assessment study to evaluate the potential for the proposed
channel dredging and jetty construction to impact adjacent shorelines.
d. Climatic and oceanographic conditions of the project site.
8. Findings from the environmental studies are summarized as follows;
a. Access to the island is extremely difficult from the southern side sea roughness and
long distance from the remaining islands in B. Atoll.
b. Northern side is very shallow covered with thick seagrass which is exposed at low
c. Approach channel exposed to strong swells particularly during the onset of SW
d. Due to this, boats and Dhonies that carry goods and people (island and atoll ferries)
don’t access Fehendhoo directly. They usually dock at the harbour in Goidhoo, then
people and goods are transported to Fehendhoo is small Dinghy’s through the
manually deepened pathways in the lagoon.
e. Fehendhoo probably is the only island without a primary school. At present there are
primary 12 students in Fehendhoo who are attending the Primary school in Goidhoo
located two Kilometres west. Students and their parents commute between the
Goidhoo and Fehendhoo twice a day on small Dinghies.
9. This EIA has been carried out on the basis that it is necessary to carry out the jetty
construction and island access project at the northern side of B. Fehendhoo to facilitate socioeconomic
development and easy access to the island.
10. During the preparation of the EIA report an impact matrix, which is a standard tool for
identifying the possible impacts of project activities, has been created for proposed
development project in B. Fehendhoo Island. The activities carried out during the
construction and post-construction or operational phases are arrayed against a selection of
environmental factors that may be affected directly or indirectly as a result of project
11. The environmental impact assessment study shows there are two main activities that would
cause minor to moderate negative environmental impacts. Those, in order of minor to
moderate impact, are:
1. Channel and mooring basin dredging
2. Jetty construction and backfilling
12. Of these a long term impact would be from dredging and beach backfilling of jetty area and
nourishment of Kattihuraa at the East of entrance channel and the excess to replenish the
eroding areas on the northern side of the island. These impacts would be cumulative occurring
over long period of time and so can be managed through proper monitoring and addressing
them in a timely manner. Based on the scale of dredging and beach nourishment work
projects that is taking place in Maldives, impacts associated with the proposed dredging
activity is insignificant. The positive socio economic impacts from the proposed development
outweigh the temporary negative impacts of dredging.
13. The study has evaluated alternative locations for the jetty and suggested shifting the jetty 20m
east of the existing one for the convenience of the island community. Even though there is no
significant impact from this project particularly with the recommended T-jetty construction,
EIA for B. Fehendhoo island access & Jetty Project | Ministry of Housing and Infrastructure | July 2017 Page 14 of 76
the report has come-up with an extensive monitoring programme that will keep on
monitoring coastal and marine environmental changes associated with the development to
make necessary adjustment based on the findings of various measured environmental
parameters suggested in the monitoring plan.
14. Therefore, on the basis of this environmental impact assessment study and the impact
mitigation measures in the report will be duly implemented, it is concluded that the benefits
of island access development project in B. Fehendhoo will substantially outweigh its
imposition on the environment.|
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